The world is facing an unprecedented challenge to meet the ever increasing needs for energy for sustainable development involving almost 9 billion of population by mid of the 21st century. Despite some technological breakthroughs that make us possible to continue or event boost extraction of fossil energy resources in some parts of the world, the global reserves of the conventional resources would by far not be enough to make the development sustainable.
To help meet the challenge, many countries in the world are turning into development of clean energy and strong efficiency and conservation measures, not only by using smart technology but also by engaging attitude changes toward using the energy by all stakeholders. The efficiency drives are primarily applied to the demand side of the energy equation, without neglecting the efficiency for producing final energy on the supply side. Outputs of the energy efficiency efforts are in fact “extra resources”. A recent report by American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy ( ACEEE) consider Energy Efficiency as an alternative energy resources, as it could replace new power plants which otherwise have to be built. The report said that Energy Efficiency contributed around 18% of total US electricity generation in 2015. IEA even sometime call it as the “1sth” primary energy resources that become available for further use in the process of development. The “extra resources” also meet the criteria of clean energy the world need to combat the negative impacts of the global warming which trigger climate change as we are experiencing to day.
Developing and utilizing Clean Energy ( which constitutes all renewable energy and relatively clean energy in term of lower carbon emission that are produced in the process of using it) are imperative for all countries in the world to reduce the GHG in the atmosphere.
Clean energy development was among the most hot topics discussed in the COP21 in Paris in December 2015, and reflected in most parties’ Nationally Determined Contribution ( NDC) to the global climate change mitigation and adaptation efforts. The Clean Energy must be put in place and continue to be made available to substitute the depleting fossil energy resources in the quest of achieving sustainable development goals (SDG), of which the UN has established in September 2015. The SDG is a new accord to replace the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) that was agreed by UN members earlier.
Indonesia has determined clean energy development as a national priority, while realizing the country has to face so many challenges in accomplishing the efforts. One of the challenges is how to meet the increasing need for energy for sustainable development while the country is currently compelled to predominantly rely on fossil energy (particularly coals).
Despite already having an ambitious goal to have 23-25% clean energy in the national energy mix by 2025, the development of renewable energy, which the country is endowed to have plenty, have been relatively slow in the past, but the current government is committed to accelerate this development by improving policies involving bigger portion of private sector to engage in clean energy development projects.
On top of that, the Indonesian government is currently realizing the strategic importance of energy efficiency and conservation in meeting the national energy need for sustainable development. Along with the increasing efforts to put renewable energy in the mainstream, Indonesia is now embarking into energy efficiency and conservation drives. Both renewable energy development and strong efforts in energy efficiency would help the country build its energy security and resilience.
In the light of the current development in the energy economy in Indonesia and looking at the trend in the world, MASKEEI is organizing a major conference on energy efficiency and conservation.